vox pop

朝日新聞の「天声人語」は、"Vox Populi, Vox Dei" という題で英訳され、紙上やサイトで読むことができる。このラテン語を縮めて、「街の声」「街頭インタビュー」という意味で使われる単語が vox pop である。


- He carried out a vox pop on the public reaction to the murder.

- I went and did a vox-pop on what people knew about the Hutton inquiry. 
(Hutton inquiry: イラク問題をめぐるイギリス政府の情報操作疑惑についての独立調査)

- In one bulletin, an Ekho Moskvy correspondent took a vox-pop of opinions on the streets of Moscow about measures to improve their security.

- She conducted a “Vox Pop” among the participants. to see what their definitions of professionalism were.


vox pop, また Vox populi, vox dei についての Wikipedia の説明を一部引用してみよう。

- Usually the interviewees are shown in public places, and supposed to be giving spontaneous opinions in a chance encounter -- unrehearsed persons, not selected in any way. As such, broadcast journalists almost always refer to them as the abbreviated vox pop. In U.S. broadcast journalism it is often referred to as a man on the street interview.

- Often quoted as, Vox populi, vox dei, "The voice of the people is the voice of God", is an old proverb often erroneously attributed to William of Malmesbury in the twelfth century.

Another early reference to the expression is in a letter from Alcuin to Charlemagne in 798, although it is believed to have been in earlier use.

( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vox_populi )

Voxpops can perhaps be criticised for being "lazy" television, or being used to pad time. As it is just a "man on the street" opinion, one can perhaps question the value of broadcasting a randomly chosen person's opinions.

( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voxpop )

オンラインの Dictionary of Phrase and Fable には、

This does not mean that the voice of the many is wise and good, but only that it is irresistible.


いずれにせよ、メディアの vox pop で伝えられる声は、統計学的な手法で行われる世論調査とは別物であることに注意しないといけないだろう。

ちなみに、「天声人語」は「天に声あり、人をして語らしむ」 ということだそうで、こちらの方には、"wise and good" というニュアンスが感じられるように思うが、どうだろうか。朝日新聞もそれを狙ってタイトルに使ったのではないだろうか。中国の古典に由来する言葉といわれているが、実際には出典不明で、創作ではないかという説を読んだ記憶がある。